The Essence of Cannabis: Exploring Terpenes Their Effects on You

Terpenes have swiftly made their mark within the cannabis community, with numerous brands claiming their benefits. However, there remains a gap in widespread understanding about these compounds. We’re here to bridge that gap. Terpenes, the aromatic moleculas behind the unique scents and flavours of cannabis, play a pivotal role in defining the essence and therapeutic potential of different strains.

Beyond their captivating aromas, terpenes synergize with cannabinoids to enhance and modify the effects of cannabis, a phenomenon known as the entourage effect. This guide aims to demystify terpenes for the everyday consumer, shedding light on their significance, the science behind their effects, and how they can influence your cannabis experience.

What are terpenes?

Terpenes are organic compounds found in the cannabis plant, as well as in various fruits, vegetables, and herbs across Canada and beyond. The distinctive flavours and aromas of these plants are primarily due to terpenes. Terpenes themselves are basic compounds, with over 20,000 types identified in nature to date, including more than 200 that are associated with cannabis. 

The function of terpenes is somehow define, but research are still taking place:

  • They play a crucial role in attracting pollinators, deterring herbivores, and protecting against specific pathogens, a vital role in the plant kingdom. 
  • They may regulate the temperatures of plants by influencing the rate of evaporation from the leaves.
  • They might be a way for plants to communicate

Terpenes that have been scientifically extracted or synthesized are sometimes added to day to day products, from skincare, essential oils to vape cartridges, to improve scent, flavour, and effectiveness.

Terpenes in Cannabis

The variety of terpenes present in each cannabis strain contributes to the uniqueness of each strain. For instance, some cannabis strains have a citrusy scent due to limonene, a terpene also found in citrus fruits, while others may have a piney scent from pinene, commonly found in conifer trees.

According to research, terpenes have the ability to work with the endocannabinoid system to augment therapeutic effects, suggesting that cannabinoids and terpenes work together. Terpenes like these can also affect the brain and body, potentially relieving anxiety or easing muscle tension.

5 Terpenes You Should Know About

5 famous terpenes


This terpene has a very earthy aroma that gives musky vibes as well. The terpene mycrene is found abundantly in different plants. The most important of these is the cannabis plant; its concentration is very high in the indica strainsApart from the cannabis plant, mycrene is also found in mango plants and lemongrass


  • This terpene is well known for producing a sedative and relaxing effect
  • It is sought after by many because of the sense of calm that it brings to the table, thereby promoting restful sleep
  • Apart from its sedative properties, it also has analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects to offer. This makes it a precious component in holistic wellness practices. Relaxation and tranquility, however, are still its main highlighting features.


The first word that comes to mind when you hear about this compound is citrus. Citrusy aroma. It can be used as a diffused aromatherapy blend or it can be savored in culinary delights. Limonene is found in the peels of citrus fruits. Such citrus fruit includes lemons and orange juice. This terpene is also found in cannabis plants. 


  • The main properties associated with this compound are its mood-enhancing properties
  • The terpene is capable of alleviating stress and, at the same time, adding more to the depleting levels of energy. 
  • The compound also has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential. It makes a very versatile choice when it comes to promoting overall well-being 


This terpene has a pine-like scent. It is found in many coniferous trees, such as pine and fir. The compound is also found in herbs such as parsley. The highlight feature of this compound is the freshness that it brings to the table. 


  • Even more important than that is the fact that this terpene can act as a bronchodilator. The compound can enhance respiratory function greatly and can promote mental clarity.
  • Along with that, it also offers anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties. So, if someone is looking to enhance their overall well-being, they could go right by opting for this unique compound. 


Linalool has a very distinct floral fragrance to offer. This fragrance is reminiscent of the lavender plant. Linalool is found abundantly in the lavender flower. It is also found in certain other aromatic herbs, some of which include basil and mint. 


  • The terpene has a very calming and sedative effect to offer. Hence, it comes as no surprise that it can promote relaxation and counter the anxious feelings that we often experience in the modern day’s hectic lifestyle. 
  • Linalool can also offer relief from physical discomfort and tension, thereby making it a promising choice for therapeutic purposes
  • Linalool can be consumed by either diffusing it in essential oil blends or by incorporating it into skincare formulations. 


Beta-caryophyllene, distinguished by its tangy and peppery fragrance akin to black pepper and cloves, is discovered in miscellaneous spices and herbs, including cinnamon and oregano. 


  • This terpene may offer comfort from pain and inflammation while sustaining digestive health and overall well-being. 
  • Whether encountered in culinary products or herbal remedies, beta-caryophyllene adds a vibrant zeal to the sensory experience, igniting a feeling of vitality and empowerment.

Terpenes Chart

Terpene Aroma Effects Boiling Points Cannabis Strains
Myrcene Earthy, musky Sedative, relaxing 168°C Blue Dream, OG Kush
Limonene Citrus Mood elevation, stress relief 176°C Super Lemon Haze, Durban Poison
Caryophyllene Peppery, spicy Stress relief, anti-inflammatory 160°C GSC, Sour Diesel
Pinene Pine Alertness, memory retention 155°C Jack Herer, Dutch Treat
Terpinolene Floral, herbal Uplifting, sedative 185°C Ghost Train Haze, Chernobyl
Humulene Hoppy, woody Anti-inflammatory, appetite suppressant 198°C Girl Scout Cookies, Headband
Ocimene Sweet, herbal Antiviral, anti-fungal 100°C Strawberry Cough, Golden Goat
Linalool Lavender, floral Anxiety relief, sedative 198°C LA Confidential, Amnesia Haze
Bisabolol Chamomile, floral Anti-irritant, anti-inflammatory 153°C Harle-Tsu, ACDC
Eucalyptol Eucalyptus, minty Pain relief, anti-inflammatory 176°C Super Silver Haze, Girl Scout Cookies

Final Words

In summary, terpenes play a pivotal role in enhancing the cannabis experience, allowing for a more personalized and comprehensive effect. Here are the key takeaways:

  • Organic Compounds: Terpenes are responsible for the distinct aromas and flavours of cannabis, influencing its therapeutic and recreational qualities.
  • Tailored Experiences: By understanding terpenes, consumers can select cannabis strains that align with their desired effects, such as mood enhancement or stress relief.
  • The Entourage Effect: The synergy between terpenes and cannabinoids suggests that the combined effects of cannabis components offer a more profound experience than isolated compounds.
  • Full Spectrum Extracts: Emphasizing the importance of full-spectrum extracts to provide a “complete” high.